Annotated Bibliography

The following are annotated bibliographies that I found useful while digging deeper into my topic. These are topics that I thought were interesting and all intertwined together. Most of my sources come from various journalists who have gained credibility in writing.

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-Roberts, Sam. (2013 August). Race Equality Is Still A Work In Progress. The New York Times.

The author Sam Roberts is an American journalist and has been writing for New York Times since 1983 and since 2005 has been serving as a Urban Affairs Correspondent. In this piece of work he centered his attention on the survey of how America has changed throughout the years. The purpose seems to be unclear however he does a great job showing facts to back him up. He remains unbiased throughout the article. He ended his article saying that a lot more needed to be done in order to achieve Martin Luther King’s dream.


-Santhanam, Laura. (2016 June). Has U.S. achieved racial equality? Depends on whom you ask. PBS.

Author Laura Santhanam is a mother and data producer for PBS news hour, she specifically works with datasets and looks for ways to tell stories with narratives and numbers. She kept this piece very simple and to the point. The main question she was concerned with was if the U.S would ever achieve racial justice, she showed the points of views from the blacks and whites. I feel that her purpose was to show where America was with this issue just by using the numbers.


-Lopez, German. (2017 August). “We only shoot black people,” Georgia cop assures woman during traffic stops. Vox.

The writer German Lopez has been writing for Vox since 2014 mainly focusing on drugs, guns, criminal justice and race. Lopez provides a video clip of the incident and then tells us his opinion of the situation. He made sure to have evidence to back him up to prove that black people are more likely to get shot. This piece was aimed to persuade and help shine light onto our opinions.

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-Flaherty, Bryan. (2017 September).  From Kaepernick sitting to Trump’s fiery comments: NFL’s anthem protests have spurred discussion. The Washington Post.

Author Bryan Flaherty studied at the University of Chicago and focuses on the small details to bring things together. In this piece he focuses on the comments being said in the Kaepernick situation. The first quote he uses to address the situation is from Colin Kaepernick saying, “I am not going to stand up to show pride in a flag for a country that oppresses black people and people of color…”. The article was clear and showed the points of views of several people.


-Meyerson, Collier. (2017 May). The Case Against ‘Blue Lives Matter’ Bills. The Nation.

The author Collier Meyerson focuses on reporting race and politics, and has received an Emmy for her work on the MSNBC’s All In with Chris Hayes and also won the National Association of Black Journalists’ 2016 award for commentary. She also has work that was in The New Yorker Glamour Magazine. Meyerson begins by stating the new law that was passed in New York of any offenses against a police officer will be considered a hate crime. She feels that it isn’t justified to be a hate crime unless the group has been historically discriminated against. She clearly is biased to a certain side of the spectrum. Meyerson was making a point that New York obviously doesn’t care for lives unless they are cops.


-Damiani, Jesse. (2017 July). Every Time You Say “All Lives Matter” You Are Being An Accidental Racist. HuffPost.

Image result for person shrugging shouldersJesse Damiani, a CEO of Galatea and Series editor of Best American Experimental writing has won several awards from the Academy of American Poets and the Fulbright Commission. He begins by explaining that black lives matter is trying to highlight there is demonstrable evidence that black lives matter less than whites to the criminal justice system. By saying that all lives matter you are taking away the credibility of the BLM movement. Damiani is writing for all those who question why should only black lives matter shouldn’t everyone matter. BLM isn’t saying that the black’s are the only one that suffer they are just trying to see some justice.


-Cyril, Malkia and Shanelle Matthews. (2017 October). We Say Black Lives Matter. The FBI says that makes us a security threat. The Washington Post.

Cyril is the founder and directer for the center of Media Justice and Matthews is the directer of communications for the Black Lives Matter Global Network. Both authors begin to talk about how the FBI is labeling black activist as extremist and are threats to national security. They state “according to sources close to the FBI, the term “Black Identity Extremist” didn’t exist before the Trump administration.”. This article speaks to those who are supporting BLM and to put shame on the government that we are powered by. The term that the FBI are using is very strong and demeaning.


-Soong, Kelyn. (2017 September). How a Black Lives Matter activist took the stage and got Trump supporters to listen at last weekends DC rally. The Washington Post.

The author Kelyn Soong studied at University of Maryland College Park and is a Multimedia Reporter. Soong wrote that activist Hawk Newsome took the stage at a Trump Rally and the Trump supporters actually listened. The article showed that not all supporters are terrible people and can be civil. Newsome took a huge leap of faith by doing this because it could have ended badly. I believe this article was written to show that some Trump supporters are not racist.


-Butler, Paul. (2017 October). If you’re a black man, expect police brutality under U.S. law and policy. The Washington Post.

Paul Butler is a professor at Georgetown University Law Center and a former trial attorney for the United States Department of Justice. Butler is obviously biased to the police feeling like they can do whatever they want and believes that if you are black then you have a disadvantage. I partially agree with his bold statement because as I said before not all police have the same mentality. I’m not sure what the purpose of this piece was. But the intended audience was to everyone.

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